Hanover (1714-1901)

George, Prince Elector of Hanover, was invited to be King George I of England following the death of Queen Anne in 1714 who was not survived by any of her 17 children. He died in 1727 and the throne passed to his son, George II. Unlike his father, he adapted to English society. George II died in 1760 to be succeeded by his grandson George III, the longest reigning male British monarch to date. He died in 1820, having suffered from madness and ill health in his last 10 years. His son, the Prince Regent and the future George IV gave his name to the Regency period. His extravagant lifestyle caused ill-feeling in the general population and gave rise to considerable satirical material. Due to the long reign of his father, he only reigned for 10 years and was succeeded by his younger brother William (1830-1837). It was with some relief that Victoria achieved her majority before William died as he had no legitimate heir. She married Prince Albert, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, with whom she had 9 children. On her death in 1901 the Hanoverian line ended.